Which are the top branches of Engineering? This is the most crucial question for all JEE aspirants. After finishing their schooling when they want to enter into a new life they are always confused about the scopes, salary packages and employment of different engineering branches. Here I am going to discuss the top branches of engineering, along with scopes, salary package, job opportunities etc. in order to help the JEE aspirants.
- 1 Top Branches of Engineering
- 1.1 1. Computer Science & Information Technology- The Technical branch of Engineering
- 1.2 2. Mechanical Engineering- The manufacturing branch of Engineering
- 1.3 3. Civil engineering- The construction branch of Engineering
- 1.4 4. Electronics and Communication Engineering – The electrical branch of Engineering
- 1.5 5. Biomedical Engineering- The medical branch of Engineering
- 1.6 6. Electrical Engineering- The Electrical branch of Engineering
- 1.7 Final Words
Top Branches of Engineering
1. Computer Science & Information Technology- The Technical branch of Engineering
Computer Science & Information Technology ranks the first in this list.This is one of the popular branches of Engineering. This stream covers a wide range of topics like data structure, digital system, digital programme, internet technology etc. A student of this stream can handle computer hardware, software, research, development, and manufacturing process too. All most all Government and Private Colleges offer this engineering stream. IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, BITS Pilani, IIT Kanpur are some of them.
Students in this field are often directly recruited by top IT firms like TCS, IBM, Wipro, CTS etc. At the entry level salary varies 4.5 lakhs to 6 lakhs.
2. Mechanical Engineering- The manufacturing branch of Engineering
Mechanical Engineering is also very popular among the branches of Engineering. All most all Government and Private Colleges offer this popular engineering stream. Few top mechanical engineering colleges are- IIT Delhi, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Kanpur, Delhi Technological University, Indian Institute of Technology etc. are some them.In India, there are lots of manufacturing industries like steel, metal, forging, automobile etc. All these industries require a steady flow of fresh mechanical graduate engineers. Apart from the manufacturing industries, in IT firms also there is a huge requirement for mechanical engineering graduates as they have a good understanding of manufacturing and production process. Moreover, sectors like Railway, Ports, Mining, Ship Yards, Defence Force, National High way etc are some of the top employers for the mechanical engineering students.
At the entry level salary varies from 1.3 lakhs to 4 lakhs.
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3. Civil engineering- The construction branch of Engineering
Nowadays Civil engineering also regains its popularity. In the 1970s -1990s this stream was going down due to lack of infrastructure related development. But from early 2000 with the growth of infrastructural development, it has become popular. Today, along with the government colleges a good number of private colleges also offer this course. IIT Madras, IIT Kanpur, NIT Rourkela, VNIT etc. are some of the eminent names in this context. It covers Geology and Geotechnical Engineering, Structural mechanics, Building constructions, Surveying etc. All construction projects require site engineers, architectures and supervisors. Apart from these construction companies in the educational sector also there are lots of openings for civil engineers. In the educational sector, they can be employed as faculty to teach the subject.
At the entry level, the salary range varies from 3 lakhs to 5 lakhs PA.
4. Electronics and Communication Engineering – The electrical branch of Engineering
Electronics and Communication Engineering is the other popular branch in engineering though in recent time the popularity of this stream has slightly faded away. The main reason for its shrinking popularity is the absence of genuine electronics industries in India. In most of the cases, TV, Mobiles, Computers are only assembled in India not the manufactured in chip level. But slowly this scenario has started changing. Few semiconductor companies like Adroit IC Design, Ineda Systems, Infineon Technologies India Pvt. Ltd., Semitronics Microsystem etc. starts chips manufacturing in India. Another reason for its shrinking popularity is that repairing of all electronic items is done by technicians only.
It covers quite a wide range of subjects like Electromagnetic engineering, Integrated circuits and applications, Microprocessor and Computer Architecture etc. Many Government and Private colleges offer this course. BITS Pilani, IIT Roorkee, IIT Guwahati, Anna University, NIT Surathkaletc are some of the big names in this context.
At the entry level the salary range varies from 4 lakhs to 6 lakhs PA.
Apart from all the semiconductor companies, there are also job openings in Huawei and Ericsson etc.
5. Biomedical Engineering- The medical branch of Engineering
Biomedical Engineering is comparatively a new field. It is also not very popular in India though it has very dynamic and challenging job openings. Few top biomedical engineering colleges are- The Central University of Karnataka, IT BHU (Benaras Hindu University), VIT(Vellore Institute of technology), The SRM University, IIT Roorkee, NetajiSubhas Engineering College, Kolkata.MITManipal, IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, AIIMS Delhi offer this course. Nowadays demand of this course has been increased.
This course uses engineering concepts and technology along with the concept of biology to promote the entire healthcare process such as diagnosis, treatment, surgery, rehabilitation as well as research and development of medical science.
Healthcare, Pharmaceutical and healthcare equipment manufacturing sectors are the main recruiters in this field. Siemens Healthcare, Johnson & Johnson, G E Healthcare, Medtronic are some of the top recruiters in this segment. After doing ME/MTech one can pursue his/her career in govt. private engineering colleges as faculty or in research and development sector too.
At the entry level, the salary range varies from 3 lakhs to 6 lakhs.
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6. Electrical Engineering- The Electrical branch of Engineering
Apart from that, there is Electrical Engineering. It is an ever-popular engineering field. There are job opportunities, especially in the Government sector. BHEL, Bajaj International Private limited, Reliance Power etc. are some the important recruiters in this field.
Apart from the above-mentioned engineering fields, there are also some other branches in engineering like Chemical engineering, Bio-Technological engineering, Marine engineering etc.
I believe this write up will help the JEE aspirants to choose the right branch from these branches of Engineering. Apart from all other important factors like scopes, salary packages, career prospects the key factor in their success is to follow their interest.